In Januarythe U. This reduced the B-1B's radar signature or radar cross-section ; this reduction was seen as a good trade off for the speed decrease. Rockwell engineers were able to reinforce critical areas and lighten non-critical areas of the airframe, so the increase in empty weight was minimal. Opposition to the plan was widespread within Congress. Critics pointed out that many of the original problems remained in both areas of performance and expense.
It also appeared that the "interim" time frame served by the B-1B would be less than a decade, being rendered obsolete shortly after the introduction of a much more capable ATB design. The USAF spread production subcontracts across many congressional districts, making the aircraft more popular on Capitol Hill.
B-1A No. The first B-1B was completed and began flight testing in March The first production B-1B was rolled out on 4 September and first flew on 18 October The B-1 has a blended wing body configuration, with variable-sweep wingfour turbofan enginestriangular fin control surfaces and cruciform tail.
The wings can sweep from 15 degrees to Forward-swept wing settings are used for takeofflandings and high-altitude maximum cruise. Aft-swept wing settings are used in high subsonic and supersonic flight.
To alleviate this, Rockwell included small triangular fin control surfaces or vanes near the nose on the B The B-1's Structural Mode Control System rotates the vanes automatically to counteract turbulence and smooth out the ride. To help lower its radar cross section RCSthe B-1B uses serpentine air intake ducts see S-duct and fixed intake rampswhich limit its speed compared to the B-1A.
Vanes in the intake ducts serve to deflect and shield radar emissions from the highly reflective engine compressor blades. The B-1A's engine was modified slightly to produce the GE F for the B-1B, with an emphasis on durability, and increased efficiency. Also aiding the B-1's survivability is its relatively low radar cross-section RCS. Block C provided an "enhanced capability" for delivery of up to 30 cluster bomb units CBUs per sortie with modifications made to 50 bomb racks.
Block D added a "Near Precision Capability" via improved weapons and targeting systems, and added advanced secure communications capabilities, B. One. Upgrades were completed in September Ina program began to upgrade crew stations and integrate data linking. This replaced several displays with new multi-function color display units, an upgraded central integrated test system, and a newer aircraft performance monitoring computer. Inthe Sniper XR targeting pod was integrated on the B-1 fleet.
The pod is mounted on an external hardpoint at the aircraft's chin near the forward bomb B. One. In Februarywork began on a multi-year upgrade of 62 B-1Bs, scheduled to be completed by The vertical situation display upgrade VSDU replaces existing flight instruments with multifunction color displays, a second display aids with threat evasion and targeting, and act as a back-up display.
Additional memory capacity is to be installed for the diagnostics database. In Augustthe Air Force unveiled a modification to the B-1B to allow it to B.
One more weapons internally and externally. Initial operational capability was reached on 1 October and the B-1B was placed on nuclear alert status. However, the bomber has been commonly called the "Bone"; a nickname that appears to stem from an B. One newspaper article on the aircraft wherein its name was phonetically spelled out as "B-ONE" with the hyphen inadvertently omitted.
In lateengine fires in two Lancers led to a grounding of the fleet. The cause was traced back to problems in the first-stage fan, and the aircraft were placed on "limited alert"; in other words, they were grounded unless a nuclear war broke out. Following inspections and repairs they were returned to duty beginning on 6 February Despite being cleared for this role, the problems with the engines prevented their use in Operation Desert Storm during the Gulf War.
Originally designed strictly for nuclear war, the B-1's development as an effective conventional bomber was delayed. Part of this development was the start-up of the U. By the end of the s, with the advent of the "Block D" upgrade, the B-1 boasted a full array of guided and unguided munitions. The B-1B no longer carries nuclear weapons;  its nuclear capability was disabled by with the removal of nuclear arming and fuzing hardware.
These included modification of aircraft hardpoints to prevent nuclear weapon pylons from being attached, removal of weapons bay wiring bundles for arming nuclear weapons, and destruction of nuclear weapon pylons. The conversion process was completed inand Russian officials inspect the aircraft every year to verify compliance.
The B-1 has higher survivability and speed than the older B, which it was intended to replace. It also holds 61 FAI world records for speed, payload, distance, and time-to-climb in different aircraft weight classes. Of the B-1Bs built, 93 remained in after losses in accidents. In Junethe Pentagon sought to place one-third of its then fleet into storage; this proposal resulted in several U.
Air National Guard officers and members of Congress lobbying against the proposal, including the drafting of an amendment to prevent such cuts. This was conducted as part of an ongoing Air Force testing and certification program to reduce reliance on traditional oil sources. With upgrades to keep the B-1 viable, the Air Force may keep it in service until approximately Its 9 B-1Bs flew sorties, the most of any B-1B squadron on a single deployment.
The squadron spent 9, hours airborne, keeping one of its bombers in the air at all times. They accounted for a quarter of all combat aircraft sorties over the country during that time and fulfilled an average of two to three air support requests per day. The aim was to detect and engage several small craft using existing weapons and tactics developed from conventional warfare against ground targets; the B-1 is seen as a useful asset for maritime duties such as patrolling shipping lanes.
Beginning inthe B-1 was used by the U. During the Battle of Kobane in Syria, the squadron's B-1s dropped bombs over 5 months in support of Kurdish forces defending the city, one-third of all bombs used during OIR during the period, killing some 1, ISIL fighters. The 9th Bomb Squadron's B. One went "Winchester", dropping all weapons on board, 31 times during their deployment. They dropped over 2, JDAMs during the 6-month rotation.
In Februarythe B-1s were sent back to the U. From toten B-1s were lost due to accidents with 17 crew members or people on B. One killed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from B-1 Lancer. American strategic bomber by Rockwell, later Boeing. This aircraft has conventional ejection seats and other features used on the B-1B variant.
This was the first aircraft delivered to the U. This aircraft was one of two that suffered an in-flight engine failure in that led to grounding of the fleet. Aviation portal. GDP Then? Retrieved 22 September Air Force Magazine.
Skunk Works. Retrieved: 8 October Retrieved: 20 March Retrieved 27 January Issue 5, Mayp. Retrieved: 23 May Defense Policy: Weapons, Strategy, and Commitments. Congressional Quarterly.
Retrieved: 16 July Retrieved: 28 July Retrieved: 3 August Retrieved: 25 January Retrieved 1 April Air Force shift to Ada. Archived from the original on 12 October Retrieved 3 March Retrieved 2 February Retrieved: 25 June Archived from the original PDF on 15 February Illinois State University3 December Retrieved: 24 June Retrieved: 14 August September AirForces Monthly. Issue USAF, 24 January Archived from the original on 12 December Retrieved 16 September US Air Force.
Archived from the original on 2 August Retrieved 28 September Archived from the original on 20 July Retrieved 12 April Retrieved: 31 August New Atlas. Defense News. Program Manager1 November Military Advantage. Retrieved 25 September Appendix E. Retrieved: 31 July Air Force Magazine, May Retrieved: 3 July Air Force Times.
Retrieved 30 December Retrieved: 30 June Russell, "B-1 performs as never envisioned after 20 years. Archived from the original on 17 July Retrieved 20 March Retrieved: 25 July Air Force". Retrieved 23 April The stealth B, the first new U. Air Force, 20 April Food Hygiene Removing insects from food preparation areas with the help of an effective insect light trap greatly reduces the spreading of fly-transmitted diseases such as E.
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